A U.K. citizen, born in Uganda and educated in the U.K., Dr Nathwani qualified in medicine in 1987 in London, acquired his specialization in Cardiology at a number of University Hospitals in London, and has a diploma in Pharmaceutical Medicine and an executive Masters in Business Administration. Dr. Nathwani has more than 20 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry beginning in 1994 when he joined Glaxo Group Research. From the period of 1994 to 2004 he held increasingly senior global functional and franchise leadership roles in research and development in Glaxo, SmithKline Beecham and GlaxoSmithKline, both in Europe and US. He joined Novartis in 2004 as the Senior Vice President and Global Development Head of the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Franchise and over the period of 11 years has held a number of senior development and commercial positions including the Global Head of the Critical Care Business Franchise. He was appointed as Global Head of Medical Affairs Novartis Pharma AG in June 2014 and became an extended member of the Pharma Executive Committee where he led the establishment of a Real World Evidence Center of Excellence and Digital Medicine capability.